Lead Testing Information for Families & Community

Since 2016 Denver Public Schools (DPS) and Denver Water have partnered in a proactive effort to sample drinking water in all DPS buildings to ensure it meets Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guidelines for schools.

Lead is not present in the water Denver Water sends to our schools, but lead can get into water as it moves through lead-containing plumbing and fixtures. There are no lead drinking water pipes in any DPS schools. Under the precautionary principle, DPS sampled water at all schools between 2016 and 2017. In total the district collected 9,169 samples which were then tested by Denver Water.

The EPA recommends changes if lead levels are over 20 parts per billion (ppb). One part ppb is equivalent to a single drop of water in 55,000 gallons. That’s approximately the number of gallons of water needed to fill 25 by 50 foot pool with an average depth of 6 feet.

DPS is using the lower number of 15 ppb as an action for making change. Drinking fountains that tested at or above 15 ppb were immediately removed from service until repairs were made. In 2017/18 teams repaired or replaced 264 fixtures (sinks, drinking fountains and kettle fills). Of the 264:

  • 186 were sinks
  • 64 were drinking fountains
  • 14 were kitchen kettle fills

In 2019 DPS is adding filters to all drinking fountains that had results of 10 to 14.9 ppb with a target completion of the new school year in August. The filters provide 10 ppb or less. Elementary schools are prioritized (83 drinking fountains in 42 buildings).

The district is developing a schedule to resample water at schools on a 3-5 year cycle. District officials are also in the process of identifying replacement pipes/plumbing at schools to address galvanized pipes (do not have lead) which may cause water discoloration or poor taste.

More information

Full details on the actions Denver Public Schools is taking, and the test results for lead levels in drinking water sources are available online:


Health Concerns

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Story: Denver Schools Take Aggressive Approach to Lead